How to Prevent Burn Scars : Have you ever accidentally burned your hands or arms while cooking on the stove? Will you feel overwhelmed, or not sure how serious the injury is? Don’t worry, the following methods can help you ensure personal safety and treat burns.
How to Prevent Burn Scars : Best Remedies 2020
Method One : Judging the injury
01: Ensure environmental safety.
After being burned, stop what you are doing. Extinguish an open flame or stove to ensure that no one is injured. If the fire is out of control, escape as soon as possible and call the emergency rescue number.
- In the case of chemical burns, for safety reasons, stop what you are doing and then clear the scene. Try to remove chemicals from the skin.
- Remove dry chemicals with a dry brush, or rinse the burned area with cold water.
- If it is an electric burn, turn off the power and keep away from all wires.
02: Call for help.
If the fire at home is out of control, dial 911 or the local emergency number to contact the fire department. If you are not sure whether the chemical will cause other consequences, you can contact the Poison Control Center. As for electric burns, if the wire is still charged, or the burn is caused by a high-voltage line or a lightning strike, you must also dial 911 or the local emergency number.
- If you are not sure whether the wire is still live, do not touch it directly. Touch the wire with something dry and non-conductive, such as a piece of dry wood or plastic. Muse read : How to lose fat on your Stomach : Best Remedies 2020
- Be sure to seek medical treatment for electric burns, because the current will affect the electrical pulses that naturally exist in the body, causing serious consequences.
03: Assess your hand injury.
Observe and evaluate the damage to the burn site. Pay attention to the location of the burn. Observe whether the appearance of the burned part has any features. This information can help you judge the degree of burns. Burns are classified as first, second, or third degree according to severity. First-degree burns are the slightest and third-degree burns are the most serious. Treatment also varies depending on the degree of burn.
- If your palm is burned, you must consult a doctor immediately. Palm burns can cause long-term disability.
- If one or more finger ring burns, seek medical attention immediately. Such burns can impede blood flow, and if not treated in time, they may face amputation in severe cases.
Method Two : Nursing first degree burns
01: Identify first-degree burns.
First degree burns only affect the epidermis. The burn area will be slightly red and swollen, and feel pain. Press and release the skin, the skin will turn pale. If the skin is only red, without blisters or broken skin, it is a first-degree burn. Muse read : How to lose fat on your Stomach : Best Remedies 2020
- If a minor burn involves the entire hand, face or respiratory tract, most of the area of the hands or feet, groin, buttocks, or major joints, it is recommended to see a doctor.
- Unless blisters form, sunburns are usually first-degree burns.
02: Treat first degree burns.
Once you confirm the first degree burn based on appearance and feeling, quickly and calmly came to the sink. Put your hand or arm under the faucet and rinse with cold water for 15 to 20 minutes. This helps the skin to dissipate heat, thereby reducing inflammation.
- You can also fill a bowl of cold water and soak the burned area for a few minutes. This can also dissipate heat, reduce inflammation and prevent scar formation.
- Do not use ice cubes. Long term contact with ice on the burned area can cause frostbite. Ice around the skin may also be damaged. Must read : How to Meditate : Best Meditation tips 2020
- Do not apply butter or air blow to the burned area. These methods will not help, and it is easy to cause infection.
03: Remove jewelry.
After burns, the skin will swell, which may cause the jewelry worn on the hand to become very tight, very uncomfortable, affect blood circulation and even sink into the meat. Remove jewelry from the burn, such as a ring or bracelet.
04: Apply aloe vera juice or burn ointment.
If there are aloe plants at home, break the bottom leaves near the center of the stem. Cut off the sharp spikes at the edges, cut the aloe leaves longitudinally, and apply the aloe juice directly to the burned area. The burned area will immediately cool down, effectively soothing the first-degree burn.
- If there is no aloe plant, you can use commercially available 100% pure aloe vera gel.
- Do not apply Aloe vera on open wounds. Must read : How to Fall Asleep Fast : Best Remedies 2020
05: Take painkillers if necessary.
Over the counter analgesics are safe for short term use, including paracetamol (Tylenol), naproxen (Aleve), or ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin).
06: Pay close attention to injuries.
Burns may worsen within a few hours. After washing and treating the burned area, continue to pay close attention to the injury and confirm that it has not developed into a second-degree burn. If it gets worse, consider getting medical attention. Please read : How to Grow Fast : Best Remedies 2020
Method Three : Treat second degree burns
01: Identify second-degree burns.
Second degree burns are more sensitive than first degree burns. The former burns the epidermis and the deeper dermis. However, this does not mean that you must seek medical treatment. The site of the second degree burn will appear deep red, blisters on the skin, with red and white spots, redder and more swollen than the first-degree burn, and may look moist or shiny. The burned area itself may be whitish or discolored.
- If the burn area is greater than 7.6 cm (3 inches), you need to treat the third degree burn and seek medical treatment immediately. Must read : Home remedies to find out if your pregnant : Best Remedies 2020
- Common causes of second degree burns include burns, being burned, encountering very hot things, severe sunburn, chemical burns, and electric burns.
02: Remove jewelry.
After burns, the skin will swell, which may cause the jewelry worn on the hand to become very tight, very uncomfortable, affect blood circulation and even sink into the meat. Remove jewelry from the burn, such as a ring or bracelet. Must read : How to Remove Tonsil Stones : Best Remedies 2020
03: Rinse the burned area.
The treatment for second degree burns is almost the same as for first degree burns. After being burned, quickly and calmly came to the sink, put your hand or arm under the tap, and rinse with cold water for 15 to 20 minutes. This helps the skin to dissipate heat and reduce inflammation.
If blisters are formed, do not break them . Blisters can help the skin heal, and breaking them can easily cause infection and prolong the healing time. Must read : How to Identify Breast Lumps : Best Remedies 2020
- Do not apply butter or ice on the burned area. Don’t blow on the burned area, it will cause infection easily.
04: Apply antibacterial ointment.
Due to second degree burns and the dermis, the chance of infection is greater. Apply antibacterial ointment to the burned area before bandaging.
- Silver sulfadiazine (Silvadene) is a popular antibacterial ointment for burns. It is usually available without a prescription. Apply a bit thicker to allow it to penetrate the skin longer.
05: Deal with broken blisters.
If the blister breaks by itself or accidentally, don’t panic. Clean it with mild soap and clean water. Apply antibacterial ointment and wrap the wound with a new bandage. Must read: Exercises to Reduce Breast Size : Best Remedies 2020
06: Change the bandage every day.
The ointment and bandage on the burned area are changed every day to avoid infection. Remove the old bandage and throw it away. Rinse the burned area with cold water, do not use soap, and do not wipe the skin. Let the water run over the wound for a few minutes.
Pat dry with a clean towel. Apply burn ointment, antibacterial ointment or aloe to promote wound healing. Bandage with new sterile bandage. Must Read : How to Remove Moles Apple Cider Vinegar : Best Remedies 2020
- When the wound is healed or is about to heal, there is no need to bandage.
07: Homemade honey ointment.
Although considered to be an alternative therapy by doctors, some studies support the treatment of burns with honey. Take a teaspoon of honey and gently rub it on the wound. Honey has a natural antibacterial effect to prevent wound infections with bacteria without damaging the surrounding healthy skin.
Honey’s low pH and high osmotic pressure also help wound healing. It is recommended to use medicinal honey instead of honey for baking. Must Read : How to Remove Moles Apple Cider Vinegar : Best Remedies 2020
- Studies have shown that honey may be better than the commonly used silver sulfadiazine prescription ointment.
- Change medicine every day. If the wound often leaks, it should be changed more frequently.
- If the burned area cannot be covered, apply honey every 6 hours. Honey can also help cool the burned area.
08: Pay close attention to injuries.
Burns may worsen within a few hours. After washing and treating the burned area, continue to pay close attention to the injury and confirm that it has not developed into a third-degree burn. If it gets worse, get medical attention immediately. Must read : Home remedies to find out if your pregnant : Best Remedies 2020
- While the skin is healing, observe for signs and symptoms of infection, such as pus, fever, swelling, or redder skin at the burn site. If these signs appear, get medical attention quickly.
Method Four : Treat third degree burns and severe burns
01: Identify severe burns.
If the joint or large area of the body is injured, it can be classified as a severe burn. The injury affects the injured person’s vital signs or daily activities and is also classified as severe burns. They should be treated as third-degree burns and require immediate medical attention. Must read : Home remedies to find out if your pregnant : Best Remedies 2020
02: Identify third degree burns.
The burn area is bleeding or looks a little black, it may be a third-degree burn. Third-degree burns involve all layers of skin, including the epidermis, dermis, and subcutaneous fat. The burned area may be white, brown, yellow or burnt black. The skin may be very dry or leathery.
Because the nerve is damaged, it is not as painful as a first or second degree burn. Third degree burns require immediate medical attention. Call the emergency rescue number or go to the emergency room immediately.
- An infection may occur at the burn site, and the skin may not grow back.
- If the clothes stick to the burned part, don’t pull hard. Go to the hospital immediately.
03: Cope with burns.
If you or someone around you gets third-degree burns, call the emergency rescue immediately. While waiting for the ambulance, gently shake the injured person to see if he responds. If there is no response, notice if he has signs of movement or breathing. If the injured person is not breathing and you have been trained in first aid, you can start cardiopulmonary resuscitation for the injured person.
- If you don’t know how to do CPR, you can let an emergency service dispatcher guide you. Concentrate on chest compression, do not try to clear the airway or give artificial respiration.
- Let the injured person lie flat. Kneel next to his shoulder.
- Put your hand in the middle of the victim’s chest, adjust your posture, straighten your arms and elbows so that your shoulders and hands are in the same line Press down on the injured chest, about 100 times per minute.
04: Take care of burn patients.
While waiting for emergency personnel to arrive, help patients take off tight clothing and jewelry. If clothes or jewelry fall into the burned area, do not take it off and wait for the rescuers to arrive. Pulling it off will tear off the skin and cause a second injury. Be careful to keep yourself or the injured person warm because severe burns may cause shock.
- Do not soak the burned area in water like you do with minor burns. This may cause hypothermia. If possible, raise the burn site above the heart to help reduce swelling.
- Do not give painkillers to the injured. Do not give the injured anything that would affect first aid.
- Do not break blisters, scrape off dead skin, apply aloe vera or ointment.
05: Bandage the burn.
If possible, you should try to cover the burned area to avoid infection. Wrap with something that does not stick to the wound, such as a thin gauze or wet bandage. If the burn is severe and the bandage will stick to the wound, then wait for rescue.
- You may be able to use plastic wrap. Studies have shown that it is effective to temporarily wrap wounds with plastic wrap. How to Prevent Burn Scars.
- It protects the wound and prevents outside microorganisms from entering the wound.
06: Go to the hospital for treatment.
When you arrive at the hospital, the medical staff will move you quickly so that you can get proper treatment as soon as possible. They may start giving you infusions to replenish electrolytes that your body is losing. They will also clean up the burns. Must Read : How to Remove Moles Apple Cider Vinegar : Best Remedies 2020
This process is very painful and may give you painkillers. Afterwards, an ointment or cream is applied and bandaged with sterile bandage or gauze. When necessary, they will also create a warm and humid environment to promote wound healing.
- Dietitians may recommend a high-protein diet to promote wound healing.
- If necessary, the doctor may discuss the subsequent skin grafting surgery with you, usually taking the skin from other parts of the body to cover the burn area. How to Prevent Burn Scars.
- The medical staff will teach you to change the medicine at home. After leaving the hospital, you need to change your medication at home. Follow the doctor’s instructions to make sure the wound is healed properly. Read this: How to Reduce Fat on your Body
Some Other Points :
- If you have any concerns, you may wish to contact your doctor for more details.
- The wound is likely to leave scars, especially more serious wounds. Must Read : How to Remove Moles Apple Cider Vinegar : Best Remedies 2020